Wireless Remote Controlled Car (RF 434 Mhz) : DIY

This project “Wireless Remote Controlled Car” is an enhancement on the “Wireless Remote Controlled Circuit. It is very useful to study the features of wireless communication for electronics students or hobbyists. 

In our project we are designing an Wireless remote control based on Radio Frequency (RF 434 Mhz). For that we are using a RF transmitter receiver module. RF module is used as the remote transmitter & receiver, two IC’s HT12E & HT12D is used for Encoding and Decoding.

Circuit diagram and explanation given below will make you confident enough to make a remote control car.

Block Diagram for Wireless Remote Controlled Car

Here is a flowchart to help you understand the working logic of the wireless remote controlled car. First we will go over the basic idea of the RC car and the working logic that is involved in the car.

There are two blocks, the Transmitter (wireless remote control) and the Receiver (robot car).

wireless remote controlled robot

On the transmitter remote side, we have the switches to give the digital inputs to the HT12E encoder IC. The encoder then encodes this data and sends it to the the RF Transmitter module.

On the receiver side, we have the RF Receiver module which receives the encoded data and passes it on to the decoder. The decoder decodes the data and sends it to the L293D motor driver IC to drive the motors.

Transmitter Section – Remote

wireless car transmitter circuit

We have used 2 x DPDT switches to move the car backward, forward, left and right. Along with the switches we have used LED’s to indicate what data is being transmitted from the remote. 

HT12E Encoder IC: It is a 212 series encoder IC used for wireless communication applications. It is mainly used to convert 12 bit parallel data (8 address bits and 4 data bits) to serial out so that it can be transmitted using a transmitter Module.

RF Tx Module: 434 MHz ASK transmitter module for transmission. It is capable of providing a data rate of about 8 kbps. It is one of the cheapest wireless modules available in the market. 

Power Source: 9V Battery with a standard LM7805 based Power Supply circuit

 

Receiver Section – Receiver with Motor Driver & Motors

wireless car receiver circuit

RF Rx Module: A high sensitivity 434 MHz ASK Receiver module for receiving the data from remote control.

HT12D Decoder IC: It is a 1212 series decoder IC used for wireless communication applications. It converts the serial input to parallel out.

Motor Driver: L293D motor driver is used to drive two motors. L293D provides bidirectional drive current up to 600mA at voltages from 4.5V to 36V.

Motors: You can use 2 x BO Motors or 4 x DC Geared Motors, which are driven by the motor driver L293D and both of them are connected to robotic wheels to move the car.

Battery: Receiver section need more power than the remote control circuit. So 9V/12V battery is required to power the circuit.

Components required :

A) Motorized Structure : Assembling video here.
1) 4 x DC Geared Motors : 100/200 rpm (Buy here)
2) 4 x Compatible Tyres (Buy here)
3) 1 x Chassis (Mechanical body) (Buy here)

B) RF Circuit (434 Mhz)  : Circuit Video here.
1) 1 x RF Module Tx + Rx (434 Mhz) (Buy here)
2) 1 x HT 12E (Encoder) + HT 12D (Decoder) + Resistors (1M,50K) (Buy here)
3) 1 x General Purpose PCB (Buy here)
4) 2 x 7805 Based Power Supply Circuit Components (Buy here)
5) Switches (Buy here)  + LED (Buy here)
6) 2 x DPDT Switches (Buy here) : How to use video?

Buy assembled RF circuit with all the components here.

C) Motor Driver Circuit : Usage Video here.
1) 1 x L293D Motor Driver Module (Buy here)

D) Optional
1) Power Source (Battery with Snapper/DC Adapter) : 9-12V DC (Coming Soon)
2) Tools (Buy here)
3) Jumper Wires (Buy here)

Circuit Diagram (Remote Section)

Circuit Diagram (Receiver Section)

In case of any questions or queries, feel free to post below.

Subscribe to our YouTube Channel and check out other tutorials of DIY projects.

 

18 thoughts on “Wireless Remote Controlled Car (RF 434 Mhz) : DIY

  1. Archit Jakhmola says:

    I wanted to make a RC Car like this. I got Transmitter Receiver Circuit. Everything working fine but when i turn Receiver on Power LED turns on and 4 LED s glow and after a few seconds they goes off.Link LED not glowing. Please anyone help.

      • info@bm-es.com says:

        The way to check if there is data communication is to check if the link LED is on. Link LED is On when the Tx and Rx circuits are working fine.

    • info@bm-es.com says:

      Dear Archit,
      The circuit on this blog is a verified circuit. To debug your circuit :
      1) Double check connections using Multimeter.
      2) Ensure that the Antenna on Tx and Rx RF Modules is atleast 15 – 20 cms.
      3) Make sure Power Supply is proper and connected at all required points.
      4) Try changing the Encoder Decoder IC or RF modules.
      Keep on trying till it works.
      It took us 15 days 5 years back to make our first RF circuit work so you’ll need to put in efforts.

    • info@bm-es.com says:

      All the Vcc or 5V or GND have to be connected together. They have been mentioned separately to avoid complicated circuit diagram.

  2. Saurab Mondal says:

    Sir,
    The open circuit output voltage through decoder is coming 5V. And when I switch on the switch on Transmeter it turning to zero… That means the circuit is ok… But when I shorted with motor or led, the multimeter showing 1V … What is happening…

    • info@bm-es.com says:

      Dear Saurab, ensure you have used a resistor with LED or Transistor with Motors as the output current is not strong enough to drive a motor directly.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *